- In size and inhabitants, Semarang
falls under the five major cities in the nation. It is situated
on Java's normally flat northern coast and appropriately called
the capital of Central Java as it lies just about halfway between
the two extreme east and west coasts of the island. Indeed, few
cities in the country have got hills and mountains so clearly
visible from their seaports. In fact, mostly residential, Candi
is a hill within Semarang's perimeter from where breathtaking
panoramas on all directions can be witnessed: the port, the lowlands
and green paddy fields, the city itself and the numerous mountains.
The proximity of all this beauty promises adventurous car trips
out of Semarang offering you memorable experiences and to be back
in the city before dark.
There is an older part of the city, close to its ocean harbour,
where you can still find an interesting collection of odd-looking
buildings dating back to the Dutch colonial era and further back
still, to the time of the Dutch East Indies Company. And finally
the city's zoo, may also be worth while visiting.
More up to date, the city offers evening performances of Wayang
drama played by live actors, actresses and dancers at Ngesti Pandowo
Theatre. For sport fans there are tennis courts in all major hotels
and 2 golf courses located in the town's suburbs.
For short trips out of Semarang within a radius of about 60 km,
the following places are recommended:
- Fifty kms, south of Semarang,
Ambarawa is the home of Java'` antique locomotive, Established
into a museum, it has locomotives of various types and ages, and
it is still possible to ride or a cog railway between Ambarawa
and Bedono, a village nearby Prior arrangements should be made
Also of interest are a collection of antique telephones and other
instruments used for railway communication.
- A medium size city with a lively
character, Solo is also called the city that never sleeps. From
the evening throughout the whole night one can always find something
to eat or buy, as vendors of all kinds as well as small foodstalls
remain active and open 24 hours. Home of two royal houses with
centuries of power and influence over the city, Solo today remains
distinctly Central Javanese with an elegance of its own. It is
one of the major centres of batik cloths and other Javanese fabrics,
whereas souvenir hunters may find exquisite "objects d'art" and
very ornate trinkets and other decorative items. Those interested
in old Javanese culture and art should not miss Solo on their
itinerary, as the royal palaces including relics of all sorts
will be all yours to witness. Once in Solo which offers excellent
accommodation, short trips to its surrounding areas can easily
be made by car or coach. Most hotels should have a stock of pamphlets
and booklets on all interesting sport and items available.
Some of the places of interest are for instance Tawangmangu, a
mountain resort at an elevation of almost 1 km above sea level
which promises you a cool escape from the city's heat. Not far
from here is the Sukuh Temple with wayang stone carvings of Hindu
origin and which is the only sample of an erotic temple in Java
having the shape of a stepped pyramid like the ones in South America
of the Maya culture. There are also a two-century old palace of
King Pakubuwono, art Gallery exhibiting Royal heirlooms, various
Javanese weapons, antiques and other invaluable items.
Another palace is the royal residence of Prince Mangkunegoro,
featuring typical Javanese architecture, a complete collection
of masks, heirlooms, wayang golek, handicrafts, Javanese musical
instruments and superb antiques are axhibited here.
- Located 40 kms east of Solo. It
lies on the slope of mount Lawu, at an elevation of 1300 m above
sea level. It is a recreational resort offering fiesh weather,
scenic views, swimming pools, bungalow style hotels and restaurants.
Other features include nearby temples in ruin, a national park
and the 40 m high waterfall of Grojogan Sewu.
- A 17th century palace, the royal
residence of King Pakubuwono. Attached to the palace is an art
gallery exhibiting royal heirlooms, antiques and other invaluable
objects. A genuine royal Javanese atmosphere can be felt and enjoyed
Mangkunegaran Palace or Pura Mangkunegaran
- Another palace built 1757, with
a typical Javanese architecture consisting of "Pendopo" (an open
front hall to receive guests), "Pringgitan" (an porch to hold
leather puppet shadow play) and private apartments. Two sets of
17th century Javanese gamelan instruments are exhibited and played
every Wednesdays in the pendopo. The palace also exhibits complete
collection of masks, wayang orang costumes, leather and wooden
puppets, religious articles, jewelries, etc.
Sangiran, The Land of Mystery
- Located 15 kms from Surakarta.
It is a fossilizes land of prehistoric living things.
In 1891, Eugene Dubois, a French anthropologist discovered fossils
of Phitecantropus Erectus, the oldest Java man known. Again in
1930 and 1931, Ngandong Village, Trinil-Mojokerto, was marked
with the discovery of fossils of a man that belonged to the Pleistocene
Period. It revealed human history from many centuries ago.
Prof. Dr. Van Koenigswald in 1936 found more evidence about human
evolution. He discovered some fossils that support the theory
of human growth from an apeman to be man as we are now.
Other fossils, which include those of mammoths (pre historic elephant)
are now preserved in Bandung Geological Museum.
In mid 1980, scientists were started by the finding of a complete
4 m tall elephant.
Bandungan and Gedong Songo Temple
- This is a holiday resort on the
slope of Mt. Ungaran, about 900 meters above sea level. Gedong
Songo (nine buildings!, a group of small 8th century Hindu Javanese
temples, can be reached either by car or on horseback from the
town. Built at about the same time as the temples of the Dieng
complex, Gedong Songo is one of the most beautifully sited temple
complexes in Central Java and the views alone are worth the trip.
Taman Kyai Langgeng
- Kyai Langgeng Park located at
the western part of Magelang and occupying land of about 19 hectares
functions not only as a means. The park with the tranquility of
rural atmosphere is easily accessible as it lies only about
1 km from the centre of the town. Convenient public transports
bring you there, leaving the business of town life to go back
Built by the Local Government of Magelang Municipality and opened
its gate to the public in 1987, Kyai Langgeng Park is now providing
Collection of many kinds of rare plants from all over Indonesia,
collection of dinosaurs statues, fishing pond, traffic gardens,
aquariums green house, swimming pool, open air theatre, large
cages of various kinds of tropical birds, various kinds of animals
from the bigger to the smaller ones, arena for go carting, a river
for canoing and wild water surfing, restaurants, souvenir shops,
tropical fruit market, indoor tennis court, hotel and many other
things to see, to do and to en joy.
This park is named after the name of one of the followers of Prince
Diponegoro, one of the Indonesian heroes who fought bravely againts
the Dutch Colonialist during Diponegoro's war (1825-1830). The
late Kyai Langgeng was buried in this area and his burial can
still be found here.
For now and the future the Local Government of Magelang Municipality
will keep on the move to invest new things in the frame of providing
recreational facilities for all levels of the community.
- The name "Borobudur" is believed
to have been derived from the Sanskrit words "Vihara Buddha Uhr"
the Buddhist Monastery on the hill. The Borobudur Temple was built
in the eighth century by the Cailendra dynasty and is located
at Magelang 90 km southeast of Semarang or 42 km northwest of
Yogyakarta. Visitor have the option of going by taxi or public
bus to reach this temple. One of the world's most famous temples,
it stand majestically on a hillock overlooking lush green field
and distant hills.
Borobudur is built of grey andesite stone. It rises to seven terraces,
each smaller than the one below it. The top is the Great Stupa,
standing 40 meters above the ground. The walls of the Borobudur
are sculptured in bas-relief extending over a total length of
six kilometres. It has been hailed as the largest and most complete
ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world, unsurpassed in artistic
merit, each scene an individual masterpiece.
The monument has been completely restored and was officially opened
by the President on 23 February 1983. The restoration took eight
years to complete, funded by the Government of Indonesia with
aid from UNESCO and donations from private citizens as well as
from foreign governments.
The Borobudur was in danger of collapsing its stone statues and
bas-relichs affected by stone cancer, moss and lichen. A large
parking area is available not far from the monument, so private
cars and buses have to be parked in this area. During the Buddhist
festival of Waisak in May, processions start from Mendut temple.
Public transportation is available the bus terminal. From that
point visitors can hire becaks or horse carts, or walk the rest
of the way to the monument.
- Located only three kilometers
from Borobudur, Mendut is said to face toward Benares, India,
where Buddha Gautama taught his five disclipes the very first
time. The smaller temples of Mendut, which houses the great statue
of Buddha and the Pawon temple, form an integral part of the Borobudur
complex. The three-metre tall Buddha together with the two Bodhisatva
figures of Lokesvara and Vajrapani are in the view of some experts,
among the greatest manifestations of Buddhist thought and art.
Through these smaller temple complexes the pilgrim must pass before
ascending the great Borobudur monument.
- Jatijajar Cave is about 49 km
west of Kebumen, or 20 km from Gombong. It is the most interesting
cave in Central Java with its stalactite and stalagmite. Inside,
there is Kamandaka statue which has its own legend. Krakal hot
water-springs is located 13 km north-east of Kebumen. Bathing
rooms are available. Like many other hot water-springs, it is
an effective remedy for skin diseases. 3 km north of Gombong,
is the Sempor Dam surrounded by hills forming a nice mountain
scenery. Recreational facilities are also provided here.
- Goa Lawa is cave on the foot of
Mt. Slamet, 27 km to the north of Purbolinggo. Located 900 metre
above sea level, the air is naturally cool and it offers
panoramic, mountain view.
- Central Java's outstanding resort,
approximately 1 4 kms north of Purwokerto. It occupies a fine
site on the slope of Mount Slamet, at an elevation of 650 m above
sea level. It has remarkable weather with a cool mountain breeze.
The temperature ranges from 18_C to 25_C. The resort area is surrounded
by nice gardens, hot springs, ponds and bungalow-style hotels
abound. Other features included 200 ha pine forest, a nearby market
and marvelous views.
- Four hours from Semarang is the
Dieng Plateau. Here are found some of the oldest Hindu temples
These small monuments which are not more than 50 feet high stand
on a crater floor amidst sulphurous fumes and a shrugged majesty,
underlined by the presence of a few of the starkest Shivaite temples
at an elevation of more than 6.000 feet, is impressive. The road
to the Dieng Plateau passes through tobacco plantations and
beautiful mountain scenery.
Karimunjawa's Marine Life
- The archipelagic Karimunjawa,
thought not as known the Marine reserves near Ambon and Manado,
has unexpectedly good beaches, reefs and lovely sea scapes. Corals
seem to blossom in to gardens, with an Amazing variety of form
and colour fishers and marine plants. Karimunjawa consist of 27
island and only a few of which are inhabited. It lies 90 kms away
from Jepara and can reached by "KM. Adison I & KM Kota Ukir"
boat, the only ferryboat connecting Karimunjawa and Jepara.
- It is situated at Patean sub district
Sukorejo about 41 km from Kendall To visit it, visitors can take
public buses on route Semarang - Kendal - Weleri - Sukorejo. It
can also be reached from the southern part of the province, via
Wonosobo / Temanggung on route to Parakan - Ngadirejo - Candroto
- Patean. It is the highest waterfall in the province with three
levels. The highs are 45 metres, 15 metres and 20 metres. Visitors
can en joy walking along the forest near the waterfall and also
enjoying the forest near the waterfall and also enjoying the mountainous
part of the forest called "Lintas Hutan Indah".
Guci Hot Water Spring
- It is about 19 kilometres away
from Tegal southward. Guci is a mountain resort at the height
of 1,050 metres above sea level with the temperature ranging from
12.8_ to 21.9_. The main point of interest is the hot water spring.
You can take a bath in either indoor and outdoor bathing place
or the swimming pool. The water contains chemical compound such
as zinc, sulphure, iodine. Therefore, it can cure various kinds
of skin deceases.
The Guci Hot Water Spring is also provided with facilities to
meet the tourists requirement such as hotel, restaurants, conference
room, children play ground, camping site, parking lot, ect.